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Thursday, December 02, 2010

Type 2 is not Diabetes...

I am always suspicious of things that have bogus definitions.  Type 2 Diabetes is one of them.

Now even from the time of the ancient Greeks type 1 diabetes was a phenomena that understood.  The term diabetes is related to the ancient Greek word for "siphon" - due to the problem of frequent urination associated with the disease.

First off, some very basic biology.  Your body converts some of what you eat to glucose - which is a sugar - like the one on your table but not quite (same types and numbers of atoms put together differently).  Glucose circulates through your body in your blood stream.  Your cells need glucose for energy - they convert glucose to energy in order to function. 

Insulin is like a messenger.  The pancreas sends out insulin.  When cells in your muscles and other body parts receive the insulin message they take glucose from your blood.

So to create a simple analogy you can think of glucose a the wheelbarrow full of feed in the barn wheeling from one animal to another fill up the food trough.  Insulin is like the gate over the food trough - when its time to eat it sends a message to lift the gates over the troughs.

You can see a more complete picture of all this here along with some colorful graphics and pictures.

This is also a very gross oversimplification - but the traditional process of how glucose/insulin work in diabetes is not really the point of this post.

Type 1 is caused by the failure of the body to produce insulin (or enough insulin) as documented here.  Insulin is produced in the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.  From Wikipedia: "Insulin is a hormone that is central to regulating carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body.  Insulin causes cells in the liver, muscle, and fat tissue to take up glucose from the blood, storing it as glycogen in the liver and muscle" (underline by me).  So, if you don't have insulin in your body from its normal source your body will not make use of the glucose placed in your bloodstream by your digestive system.

Now insulin does other things as well which you can read about at Wikipedia or elsewhere.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when cells cannot absorb glucose from the blood.  Normally glucose triggers transporters proteins in the cell wall that move glucose from the blood into the cell.  In type 2 diabetes this function fails because the cells sensitivity to insulin is reduced.

Now it seem pretty obvious that not producing insulin is quite different from not being sensitive to it.  One is a lack of production  The other a lack of response.  So with our analogy type 1 is like there is no message to lift the gates and type 2 is like the gates don't work right.

The medical world calls these the same thing (Diabetes) because in both cases there is an elevated level of blood glucose.

Now in both cases some of the results are the same - namely the cells don't get glucose.  But in type 1 the other function insulin performs in the brain and cardiovascular system are also disrupted.  With type 2 insulin may be present and performing these other function correctly.

Type 2 gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women.

Type 1 diabetes is a progressive autoimmune disease (see this) in which the insulin producing beta cells in the islets of langerhans portion of the pancreas are destroyed by the body's immune system.  From the link: "It is unknown what first starts this cascade of immune events, but evidence suggests that both a genetic predisposition and environmental factors, such as a viral infection, are involved."

The portion of Type 2 diabetes that doesn't involve pancreatic problems instead involves glucose transporters in muscle and other body cells outside the pancreas.  The transporter of interest is called GLUT4 which controls whether a cell can absorb glucose as well as how much.  From this source I believe that, while certain races (African, Native American, etc.) have predispositions for fewer GLUT4 transports its very likely that our diet and nutrition is in total control of GLUT4 function.  The missing dietary element is unsaturated fats and oils, Cis type w=3 unrefined, unsaturated oils, (fish oil, flax seed oil, others) as documented here.

So let's summarize what we have covered here:

1) Type 1 diabetes, involving autoimmune disease of the pancreas, causes the body not to produce insulin or to produce too little.  The cause of this is unknown.

2) Type 2 (excluding all pancreatic kinds) involves GLUT4 transporters in cell located in muscles and other body parts.  These transporters fail to move glucose from the blood into the cells.

3) High glucose from either #1 or #2 is bad.

4) (Most important) My conclusion is that #1 and #2 are two completely different things.  Modern medicine is again treating the symptoms of each (and naming them) as if they were the same thing which they are not.

Others, I think, would also agree.

The bottom line is that obesity is not causing Type 2 diabetes. 

A diet lacking in the proper Cis type w=3 unsaturated, unrefined fats and oils is.  Similarly, that same diet is probably also causing obesity as we see it today.  Manufactured oils for cooking were invented in the 1920's to replace traditional oils such as fish, flax, and hemp oils.   

These manufactured oils are toxic.

Frankly writing this article was frightening to me.  Clearly the entire Industrial/Government/Medical complex is far off the track - for what reasons I can only guess - and at great cost to you.

Personally I plan to acquire some guaranteed unrefined oils immediately and add them to my diet.

The fats link (again here) is particularly disconcerting because it describes how triglycerides, cholesterol, and all these usual modern medical obesity and diabetes "suspects" are systematically and routinely contorted into false and misleading information.

Some other topics touched in this article:

Cooking: "When cooking with fats and oils it is important to do so in a manner that does not destroy them. Use only butter, Coconut oil and animal fat for cooking." and "Margarine, artificial shortenings, refined oils and all Hydrogenated edible products are long term toxic to the human metabolism".

Manufacturing Cooking Oils: "It is the high temperatures used in the refining process that ruins even previously good oils."

Cholesterol: "by excluding high Cholesterol foods from our diet, our liver simply makes more Cholesterol in an attempt to maintain a homeostasis (normal level) of Cholesterol in our blood stream."

If I had Type 2 diabetes I would certainly explore this research in great detail.

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